How does relative dating work backdating software

" First, the relative age of a fossil can be determined.

Relative dating puts geologic events in chronological order without requiring that a specific numerical age be assigned to each event.

Third, magnetism in rocks can be used to estimate the age of a fossil site.

This method uses the orientation of the Earth's magnetic field, which has changed through time, to determine ages for fossils and rocks.

In addition to being tilted horizontally, the layers have been faulted (dashed lines on figure).

Accordingly, the oldest rocks in a sequence are at the bottom and the youngest rocks are at the top.This is the principle of original horizontality: layers of strata are deposited horizontally or nearly horizontally (Figure 2).Thus, any deformations of strata (Figures 2 and 3) must have occurred after the rock was deposited.The study of strata is called stratigraphy, and using a few basic principles, it is possible to work out the relative ages of rocks.Just as when they were deposited, the strata are mostly horizontal (principle of original horizontality).

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