Radiocarbon dating dates back
The City of David website implies that what the site has labeled the “Spring Citadel” is in fact the historical “Fortress of Zion” taken by King David from the Jebusite king, as described in the book of II Samuel, Chapter 5.
Likewise, it is the location described in I Kings , when the prophet Natan and the priest Zadok anoint King Solomon “on the Gihon.” Most scholars place the rule of King David at c. The new Weizmann study’s radiocarbon dating, however, dates the construction of the Spring Citadel to after c. It could not have been in existence when King David reportedly captured it, meaning it is probably not the biblical Fortress of Zion.
(AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner) Raising and dismissing the possibility that the tower was built in the Canaanite period and reconstructed during the Israelite period, Boaretto says understatedly, “The conclusive, scientific dating of this massive tower, placing it in a later era than was presumed, will have repercussions for other attempts to date construction and occupation in ancient Jerusalem.” How widespread the radiocarbon dating’s repercussions extend, however, is already up for debate. Israel Finkelstein told The Times of Israel that Boaretto’s study, while interesting, is not decisive.
Discussions on the foundation and borders of Israelite-era Jerusalem are often rife with accusations of Jewish nationalism trumping evidential facts.
For those who take the Hebrew Bible literally, the Weizmann study’s findings could be difficult to reconcile with the text.
“The boulders in the tower’s base in and of themselves do not yield any information other than the fact that whoever placed them there had the ability to maneuver such heavy stones.
But underneath the boulders, the soil exhibits the layers typical of archaeological strata, and these can reveal the latest date that the site was occupied before the tower was built,” said Boaretto, a nuclear physicist educated in Italy and Israel, with a Ph D from Hebrew University.