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Records show that in 1464, provision was made for a library to be erected in the house of the Kalendars, and reference is made to a deed of that date by which it was "appointed that all who wish to enter for the sake of instruction shall have 'free access and recess' at certain times".(six years after Thomas Bodley founded the Bodleian Library, which was open to the "whole republic of the learned") and Chetham's Library in Manchester, which claims to be the oldest public library in the English-speaking world, opened in 1653.The Załuski Library (Polish: ) was built in Warsaw 1747–1795 by Józef Andrzej Załuski and his brother, Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, both Roman Catholic bishops.The library was open to the public and indeed was the first Polish public library, the biggest in Poland and one of the earliest public libraries in Europe.Claude Sallier, the French philologist and churchman, operated an early form of public library in the town of Saulieu from 1737 to 1750.He wished to make culture and learning accessible to all people.Public libraries typically allow users to borrow books and other materials, i.e., take off the premises temporarily; they also have non-circulating reference collections and provide computer and Internet access to patrons.The culmination of centuries of advances in the printing press, moveable type, paper, ink, publishing, and distribution, combined with an ever-growing information-oriented middle class, increased commercial activity and consumption, new radical ideas, massive population growth and higher literacy rates forged the public library into the form that it is today. Romans made scrolls in dry rooms available to patrons of the baths, and tried with some success to establish libraries within the empire.
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A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Access to the Museum depended on passes, for which there was sometimes a waiting period of three to four weeks. Once a pass to the library had been issued, the reader was taken on a tour of the library.
Many readers complained that the tour was much too short.